What a PHP developer should know and be able to do

PHP developer - a specialist who creates code in the programming language of the same name, designed for modelling websites and applications. Scope of activity - backend is an important component of development, invisible to users, but located on the server. In simple terms, a PHP programmer works with the "backend" of websites and applications, which is responsible for the server, its functionality and security. The developer writes scripts for web pages, technical documentation, changes and adds functionality to web resources, tests products.

The final products are chatbots, online shops, CRM systems, websites, online learning platforms, booking, social networks, integrations with payment services, etc.
Magenta Favorita continues to introduce the readers of the blog to different professions from the world of IT technologies. Today we will talk about the speciality "PHP developer". First of all, let's remember what PHP is. It is a programming language designed for writing web applications: from a simple "contact us" form to a full-blown online shop or social networking system. It is the most widely used web programming language. About 80% of the world's websites are written in PHP.
What a PHP programmer should know and be able to do:
  • Know the basics of programming: loops, conditions, functions, data types, arrays, etc.
  • Know basic algorithms: searching, sorting, traversing trees and graphs.
  • Have a good command of English, especially technical English.
  • Know SQL - a query language for "communicating" with databases; Ajax - technology for loading content without reloading the page.
  • Work with frameworks - code blanks. This allows you to reduce time and money spent on database development.
  • Know the features of the language and the Web in general - OSI model, TCP/IP, http, Rest API, Soap, WebSockets.
  • Apply Object Oriented Programming (OOP) - keeps code clean, understandable to the rest of the team. Understand what classes, objects, inheritance, composition, polymorphism, encapsulation, interfaces, Dl, LoC are for.
  • Assess the complexity of tasks.
  • Plan web site and application development projects.
  • Administer web sites and applications.
  • Write technical documentation.
  • Negotiate with clients.
How do you become a good PHP developer?
Everyone develops in their own way. Some go through complex product tasks, others pump themselves up by studying books, trainings, seminars. However, the most effective way is to combine these two methods: progressing through complex tasks, supported by constant learning and self-development.

A PHP developer is not just a specialist in writing PHP code. He or she has to know a lot of related technologies. Without knowledge of databases, queuing systems, etc. It will be quite difficult for a PHP developer to solve the problems they face on a daily basis. At the beginning of your career, it is important to find a job in a mature company where the production processes are already fine-tuned. You will be able to learn from senior colleagues, face product challenges, work with real users and under real workloads.

Talk of PHP becoming obsolete has been around for years. However, it remains one of the most popular languages in programming. So PHP developers are still in demand on the job market. If you have the desire to become a PHP programmer, you can switch to this profession from any other, even one not related to information technology. The main thing is desire and perseverance.
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